Elsa Einstein was the second wife of Albert Einstein who was a World’s famous theoretical physicist, philosopher and author. Albert Einstein is widely regarded as one of the most influential and best known scientists and intellectuals of all time. Elsa Einstein was born on January 18, 1876 and died on December 20, 1936. Elsa had the surname of Einstein at birth but she lost her surname when she took the name of her first husband Max Löwenthal. In 1919, she regained her surname when she married her cousin Albert.
Elsa Einstein was the daughter of Rudolf Einstein and Fanny Koch. She was born in Hechingen in January 1876. She had two sisters whose name Paula (1878 – 1955) and Hermine (1872–1942). Elsa Einstein and Albert Einstein were used to play frequently in childhood. She called him “Albertle” in her Swabian dialect. In 1894, to follow his family to Milan, Albert Einstein had left Germany at that time both were separated.
Especially in 1912, Elsa Einstein and Albert Einstein were become close and Albert had a romantic correspondence with Elsa during this time although he was married at the time. In 1914, Albert Einstein was migrated to Berlin where Elsa lived. She had been married and divorced before becoming involved with Einstein. She had two daughters named Ilse and Margot from first husband. Ultimately, Albert Einstein became like a father to Elsa’s children.
In 1917, Elsa had taken care of him back to health when Albert Einstein was in critical condition. At that period of time they would become closer and two years later they got married on June 2, 1919 after Albert’s divorce.
During Albert’s many trips to give lectures and talks, Elsa accompanied him to become the first celebrity scientist. In 1921, Albert and Elsa went to the United States together where he was helping to raise funds for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. On the same year, he honored by the Nobel Prize for Physics in recognition of his earlier work. To manage Albert’s routine business affairs until 1928, Elsa played an important role in his career. Elsa remained his tireless protector who was keeping unwanted visitors away, and Helen Dukas was hired as his secretary.
In the early 1930s, everything became increasingly difficult for him in Germany after the rise of the Nazi Party. In his opposition to the Nazis, Einstein was blunt because of their anti-Semitic policies. He learned that their summer home had been searched by the government while Albert was traveling in 1933. After that their property was in custody. In the United States, Einsteins ultimately sought asylum by realizing that they could not return to Germany.
In October 1933, both were arrived in the United States. After that he became a professor of theoretical physics at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study in New Jersey. In a short period of time she came to know that her daughter Ilse had cancer. Elsa was visited Paris to be with her daughter in her final stage of life. Very soon her daughter Margot moved to the United States to be with her mother. After Ilse’s death, Elsa became ill frequently because she had heart and liver problems. Elsa died in the Einsteins’ Princeton home on December 20, 1936.
Profiles of Elsa Einstein:
Born: January 18, 1876 at Hechingen, Germany
Died: December 20, 1936 (aged 60) at Princeton, New Jersey
Residence: Germany (1876-1933) USA (1933-1936)
Spouse(s): Max Löwenthal (m. 1896–1908), Albert Einstein (m. 1919–1936)
Children: Ilse Einstein, Margot Einstein
Parents: Rudolf Einstein and Fanny (née Koch)